Research Summaries

CGO Research Summaries are brief overviews and key details of research produced by affiliates and members of the CGO. They are written for practitioners and scholars alike and are made available as a free PDF download.

Women and Confidence: An Alternative Understanding of the ‘Confidence Gap’


The lack of women in leadership has increasingly been accepted as the result of a "confidence gap" among women. Seeking to understand the issue better, a team of researchers from Simmons designed a survey for the 2016 Women's Leadership Conference in which they investigated what professional women thought about confidence in general as well as how they defined their own levels of confidence.

  • 56.6% of respondents aspired to high leadership
  • 94% indicated feeling very confident
The largest percentage of respondents considered "mentoring and feedback" the most critical keys to building confidence at work
The research provides a more nuanced look at the "confidence gap" and the implications for employers and working women.

The Reality of Working with Millennials


A survey conducted at the 2015 Simmons Leadership Conference looked at the stereotypes regarding Millennials and the Multi-generational Workplace. The study found two key observations: 

  • Women in the Millennial generation maintain similar perceptions to women from other generations about Millennials.
  • Women within the Millennial generation have a different self-perception versus their perception of their generation.

Overall, multi-generational workplaces need to gain more accurate understandings of Millennials than forming opinions on inconsistent stereotypes.